Pre-colonial India

Pre-colonial India (before British occupation) was characterised by a rich cultural and religious diversity. The majority of Indians lived in villages relying on agriculture. They would pay taxes in goods. Trade was particularly promoted in the Muslim communities who would sell and buy textiles, spices, and crafts. Indians embraced different religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity.

Starting with the 16th century, parts of India were organized in different empires and kingdoms. Some of the most important empires in Indian territory were the Mughal Empire (1526- 1857), the Maratha Empire (1674-1818), and the Sikh Empire (1799-1849).

The Mughal Empire was ruled by a Muslim dynasty, influenced by Persian culture. The empire period is viewed as India’s Golden Age, with positive social developments, a relative peace, and the development of ...

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