Partition into India and Pakistan

After around 70 years of independence movement, India became an independent state at the end of World War II. However, the independence came simultaneously with the partition of British India into India and Pakistan.

The Indian Independence Act was passed by the British Parliament in August 1947. The act also involved the partition of the subcontinent into two independent nations, India and Pakistan, according to religious lines. The majority of Pakistani were Muslims while the majority of Indians were Hindus.

The independence was accelerated by various major events. At the end of World War II, various rebellions broke out in the British naval forces, with Indians soldiers rebelling against the British. At the same time, most Indians no longer saw the British rule as legitimate, especially after the Indian National Congress Party won most local elections...

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