Light and darkness
In Romeo and Juliet light and darkness are important symbols. Shakespeare reverses the traditional idea of light as something good and hopeful and darkness as something negative and ominous.
Instead, nighttime is the only time the young lovers can be together. As we outline in the Setting section, the lovers meet and fall in love at night and later spend their wedding night together. At daybreak, Romeo exclaims: “More light and light, more dark and dark our woes!” (3.5.36) What he is saying is that during the day, they will be separated because society forces its strict rules on them, so the lighter it gets, the unhappier the lovers will be.
Thus,light and day both become symbols of the rules of society which threaten to separate the lovers. Darkness and nighttime become symbols of how special their love for one another is - but also how impossible it is. The play seems to say that a thing that can only exist at night is not real.
Poison and potions
Romeo and Juliet try to break free from the rules of society and the feud be...