Here is a brief analysis of the main elements found in Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour”.
The short story is structured around the thoughts of Louise Mallard, following the news of her husband’s death. The story follows a non-traditional structure and the narrative is mainly focused on the thoughts of the main character. Furthermore, the story ends with a plot twist.
The main character is Louise Mallard. Less-significant characters, such as Josephine, Richards, and Brently. Mallard, are also present. Josephine and Richards are mainly characterized by their concern for Louise, but readers can determine that neither of them fully understand the relationship between Louise and her husband.
The story takes place in Louise Mallard’s house, over the course of an hour. The social setting explores gender roles, marriage, and the relationships between spouses in the 19th century.
The events are presented by a third-person narrator, who follows Louise Mallard’s train of thought upon hearing the news of her husband’s death. The narrator is not completely limited to Louise's point of view, however, and switches perspective at the end.
The language used by Chopin is formal and poetic, echoing the style of the 19th century, when the story was written. There is very little dialogue, as the focus is on Louise Mallard’s thoughts and feelings.
A full analysis of the short story can be found in the following pages.