Historical background

French Indochina and the First Indochina War

The roots of the Vietnam War date back to the 19th century. During this time, Vietnam was under the control of the French Government alongside Cambodia, Laos, and Guangzhouwan. They were considered colonial territories and together they formed French Indochina

During World War II, French Indochina was invaded by Japanese forces. The Japanese ruled the area through Bao Dai, the Emperor of Annam, and the country became known as Vietnam.

After the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, Japanese forces retreated from French Indochina and the French intended to restore their rule there. However, before departing, the Japanese forces offered aid to their former enemy the Viet Minh, led by Vietnamese communist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh, who sought to gain independence for Vietnam. The Vietnamese insurgency against French rule escalated into the First Indochina War.

The war began in French Indochina on 19th of December, 1946, and lasted until 20th of July, 1954. The conflict spread through the entire country and also extended into Laos and Cambodia, although most of the fighting took place in Northern Vietnam. Viet Minh forces, organised by Ho Ch...

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